Wildlife in India

 

India is home to several fabulous wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, which makes this country a nature lover's paradise. Large and charismatic mammals are important for wildlife tourism in India, and several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries cater to these needs. 
 
Some of the major wildlife sanctuaries are Corbett National Park, Gir Wildlife Sanctury, Kaziranga National Park in Sikkim, Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Neyyar Sanctuary, Blackbuck National Park, Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary and so on. Scattered all across the country, these sanctuaries and parks attracts the tourists with their beautiful landscapes, amazing rock formation and diverse range of flora and fauna.

India's wildlife is rich and diverse. Almost 4 % of India's land is under forests.There are as many as 80 national parks and over 441 wildlife sanctuaries in India, covering nearly 4.5% of the total geographical area of the country. The wildlife sanctuaries in India are home to around two thousand different species of birds, 3500 species of mammals, nearly 30000 different kinds of insects and more than 15000 varieties of plants. 
 
The popular animals found in India are Apes, Asiatic Lions, Monkeys, Snakes, Crocodiles, Buffaloes, Elephants, Spotted Deer, Sambar Deer, Hog Deer, Barking Deer, Swamp Deer, One-Horned Rhinoceros, Sloth Bears, Blue Bull (Neelgai), Indian Gazelle (Chinkara), Goats and Tigers.

Many of the forest reserves and wildlife sanctuaries of India are famous for some particular specie of animals. For instance, the Kaziranga in Assam is known for the Indian Rhinoceros, while Periyar in Kerala is famous for its elephants. Tiger reserves are the best places to catch a glimpse of this big cat. 
 
The Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh is one of the largest tiger reserves of India. The wildlife bird sanctuaries of India  like the one at Bharatpur in Rajasthan.The Great Indian bustard, Himalayan monal pheasant, lammergiers, choughs, white-bellied sea eagle, white breasted swiftlet, fruit pigeons and griffon vultures are just some of the bird species that you can get to see here.
 National Animals symbols of India :-
  1. National animal: Royal Bengal Tiger
  2. National Heritage animal of India: Elephant
  3. National mammal of India: Hanuman Langur
  4. National aquatic animal: Ganges River Dolphin
  5. National bird: Peacock
Zone of the Wildlife in India are listed below :-
  1. Wildlife of the East India Zone    
  2. Wildlife of the West India Zone
  3. Wildlife of the North India Zone
  4. Wildlife of the South India Zone
  5. Wildlife of the Central India Zone
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